Mario himselfHome site in Zagreb, CroatiaMirror site in the NetherlandsMirror site in the U.S.A.Mirror site in New Zealand

The Zapatista National Liberation Army
Latest News
The Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) Home Page

Dangerous military buildup
August 24, 1999
by Leticia Hernandez (Reuters)
from San Cristobal De Las Casas, Mexico

The Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) leaders said over the weekend they feared the recent "dangerous military buildup in the southern state of Chiapas" would lead to an attack against La Realidad, their mountain hide-out about 125 miles (200 km) south of San Cristobal.
Emilio Rabasa, the government-appointed coordinator for dialogue in Chiapas, was quoted in the Mexico City daily La Jornada ``emphatically'' denying the government was planning a raid on La Realidad.    (Full text)

Mexico Sentences 20 Men
To 35 Years For Massacre

July 20, 1999

Tuxtla Gutierrez, Mexico (Reuters) - A Mexican judge Monday sentenced 20 men to 35 years each in prison for their roles in the December 1997 massacre of 45 indigenous people in the violence-torn southern state of Chiapas.
The sentence was the first since paramilitary forces shot and hacked to death with machetes a group of 21 Tzotzil children, 15 women and nine men at the village of Acteal, 110 miles north of state capital Tuxtla Gutierrez.   (Full text)

Covert Action Quarterly: Chiapas:
An Intelligence Fiasco or Coverup?
Sorry, you do not have Java Browser...

Declassified Top Secret Documents National Security Archive
Tlatelolco Massacre:

Declassified U.S. Documents on
Mexico and the Events of 1968

Chiapas Report
Chronology of the Negotiations 1994-1998
First Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle
Second Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle
Third Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle
The Law for Dialogue, Reconciliation, and a Just Peace in Chiapas
The Fourth Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle
The first set of accords
National Indigenous Congress
The negotiations on the issue of Democracy and Justice
Peace talks suspended

EZLN: PEACE TALKS ON HOLD -- Following the failure of the second round of peace talks (on Democracy and Justice) in San Andrés Sacamch'en de los Pobres and a period of consultation among the EZLN bases, the indigenous zapatista communities in Chiapas have voted to unilaterally suspend their dialogue with the Federal Government, and not return to the talks in San Andrés which were scheduled to begin again on September 4th.
   Among the demands made by the EZLN for a resumption of the talks are: a non-racist government negotiating team, with the political will to negotiate and who are willing to treat the EZLN delegation with respect; the immediate liberation of all presumed-Zapatista political prisoners; the installation of the Implementation and Verification Commission for the implementation of the first set of peace accords, signed in January on Indigenous Rights and Culture, as well as the actual fulfillment of those accords; serious and concrete proposals from the government regarding Democracy and Justice; and an end to the climate of persecution and harrassment of indigenous communities on the part of the army, police, and hired death squads (guardias blancas).
   This act comes at a time of great political tension in Mexico, following the illegal sentencing of seven presumed-zapatista political prisoners to nearly seven years in prison on August 20th; the guerrilla offensive of the Popular Revolutionary Army (EPR) which began in five states on August 28th; recent declarations of President Zedillo calling for a massive crackdown on "terrorism"; and statements of army officials insisting on the need to suspend individual guarantees and constitutional rights in order to fight what they label as "subversion". Most recently, on September 9th, the Secretaria de Gobernacion (Interior Ministry) placed belligerant, full-page ads in nearly every newspaper in the country accusing the EZLN of being "liars", and in a threatening tone insisted that "the EZLN reconsider its position and return to the dialogue".
   Additionally, the PGR (Attorney General's office) has asked a judge for 50-year prison terms against eleven other presumed-zapatista political prisoners. Meanwhile, troop movements in Chiapas have increased dramatically, and many indigenous communities have found it necessary to leave their homes and take refuge once again in the mountains. Indeed, the situation closely resembles that of February of 1995, with one major difference: this time, the EZLN has made it clear it will not simply retreat (as it did following the military offensive 19 months ago), but is prepared to fight any offensive by government forces.
   The future of Mexico is darkening, and the time has come once again to call on all of you--in national and international civil society--for your help in bringing a just and dignified peace to Mexico.

"One minute for a Real Dialogue"
(pronouncement of the CEP-FZLN in the words of Javier Elorriaga)

Press Statement of the Special Commission for the Promotion of the FZLN
(4 September)

Press Statement of the Advisory Team to the EZLN
(4 September)

EZLN COMMUNIQUE, 19 September:
To the People of Mexico,
to the Peoples and Governments of the World
(On civil society)

EZLN COMMUNIQUE, 18 September:
To the National and International Press
(With a letter from Durito)

EZLN COMMUNIQUE, 17 September:
To the People of Mexico,
to the Peoples and Governments of the World
(On military manoeuvers of the Mexican Army)

EZLN COMMUNIQUES, published 10 September
On troop movements in Chiapas, civil society,
and a response to the
          press bulletin issued by the Secretaria de Gobernación).

To the People of Mexico,
to the Peoples and Governments of the World
(announcing the suspension of the dialogue)

To the Popular Revolutionary Army (EPR)

To National and International Civil Society

To the National and International Press

To President Ernesto Zedillo


Mexican Army Attempts to Forcibly Disarm the EZLN
Armed confrontations possible: Marcos

Massacre in Chenalho
EZLN communique
in response to the massacre of Acteal, Chenalhó
(23 December, 1997)
EZLN communique
announcing the conclusions of its investigation into the massacre
(26 December, 1997)
Statement from the Mexican Interior Ministry
(28 December, 1997)
EZLN communique
responding to the December 28th statement from the Mexican Interior Ministry
(29 December, 1997)
EZLN communique
regarding the latest results of its investigations into the massacre
(4 January, 1998)
Massacre in Acteal, Chiapas


Historical Background to Zapatismo
Background on the EZLN and
        the Declarations from the Lacandona Jungle

Bishop Ruiz: A Wind From Below

Behind the current Zapatista uprising in Chiapas, Mexico, is a bishop who understands the reasons for the indigenous uprising. Bishop Samuel Ruiz, head of the Dioces of San Cristobal, has many of the same demands that the Zapatista National Liberation Army does, such as social justice for the poor and a society free of exploitation.
  Subcommander Marcos, in his essay The Southeast in Two Winds, refers to Bishop Samuel Ruiz, head of the Diocese of San Cristobal, as a force of opposition to government attempts to exploit the poor and indigenous communities of Chiapas: "Hoping to modernize the absurd system of exploitation and extraction which prevails in Chiapas, Patrocinio Gonzalez [Govenor of Chiapas] comes up against the stubborness of religious and secular figures who support and preach Catholicism's option for the poor". While historically, the Catholic Church has been an ally of land-owning elites and conservatives opposed to social and economic change, Ruiz has chosen an alternative pathway of religious teaching by promoting social justice for the poor.

Chiapas: Latin America's First Post-Communist Rebellion

New Perspectives Quarterly (NPQ), Spring 1994, Vol. 11, No. 2.
One of Mexico's most prominent novelists and a member of the official Mexican Commission for Human Rights, Carlos Fuentes is author, most recently, of Return to Mexico: Journeys Behind the Mask. Subcommandante Marcos, the spokesman of the Chiapas rebels, has said that Fuentes is his favorite writer. Fuentes spoke with NPQ editor Nathan Gardels shortly after the draft settlement between the Mexican government and the Chiapas rebels was signed.

Mexican Exiles for Democracy
Mexico Out of Balance
Covert Action Quarterly: Chiapas:
        An Intelligence Fiasco or Coverup?

Some analysts predict that the CIA will launch Cold War- style covert operations against the rebels. On the eve of the initiation of the peace talks between the Zapatistas and the government, February 21, Ralph McGehee, who spent 14 years overseas as a CIA operations officer, said that in this sort of negotiations you always have technical operations against the rebels to gather information on the leadership and members, and their negotiating position.
   He suggested that the Agency might deploy a close support team to the area, to gather information on the guerrilla leadership, members and negotiating position and give it to the Mexican government.

Fake EZLN representative in the USA
NATIVE-L (September 1994):

Wall Street & Chiapas On Sat, 14 Jan 1995 there was a forum full of Wall Street types on the topic of Mexican current affairs carried on C-SPAN. Several speakers hinted very strongly that they wanted to see the rebels crushed soon.

Lightning at the End of the Tunnel:
        U.S. Military Involvement in Mexico's Quagmire Deepens

"Satellites, telecommunications equipment, infrared rays track (the indigenous peoples') movement, locate its centers of rebellion, mark on military maps places to plant bombs and death."- Subcomandante Marcos in Mexico: The Long Voyage from Sorrow to Hope, 1994 Outside the spotlight of major media coverage and public awareness, the United States is quietly backing into a potentially wrenching military conflict south of the border, as U.S. financing, training, technology, intelligence, arms, advisor and political commitment are provided to bolster a shaky and corrupt Mexican regime- a regime that is steadily acquiring an arsenal to wage war against its own people, if they dare to seriously challenge the entrenched status quo. The hundreds of Mexican civilians who have already died at the hands of government troops and police during 1994 and 1995 alone, like the hundreds of millions of dollars in imported weaponry for Zedillo's army and the billions in bail-out money for the ruling elite, may -tragically- be only the beginning, if current U.S. policies are allowed to continue. Peter Lumsdaine

Philadelphia NPC: Drugs and the CIA
        Our position as explained at a public forum

Joe Piette, a shop steward with National Association of Letter Carriers, asked everyone who had a relative, a neighbor or a co-worker who had become a victim of drugs to raise their hands - - almost all present did. Drug use affects the whole working class. That's why unions should be protesting against the CIA, he pointed out. Furthermore, the U.S. and corporations use the drug issue as a cover to put down peoples movements overseas. Since U.S. companies shut down here to profit from low wages overseas, our unions have a stake in supporting those peoples movements for better wages and conditions. He explained how the U.S. let the Mexican government use helicopters, supposedly given to fight drugs, against the rebellion in Chiapas two years ago, in part a struggle against NAFTA. (Dec. 14, 1996)

The Conspiracy Pages Caught In The Net

The rebels have lost nearly all their political momentum. As the peace talks faltered over deep differences between President Ernesto Zedillo and Zapatista leaders, the guerrillas' international limelight faded while the army reinforced its control across the state, setting up garrisons in the most remote corners... At least 20 people have been killed this year in other violence in Indian communities outside the Zapatista-controlled zone, and thousands of peasants were displaced from their homes. There are signs that both pro- and anti-Zapatista civilian groups are arming themselves with guns.

Journal: Violence Marks Unresolved Tensions in Chiapas - By Julia Preston
The New York Times, (May 23, 1997)

EZLN (Zapatista) struggle in Mexico
Libertad para los presos politicos
The Zapatista uprising
        gender relations in the Lacandon rainforest

the Other Mexico
Native influences in EZLN
Chiapas Web Page

"a long article on "The Zapatistas and the Electronic Fabric of Struggle". The article was prepared for a forthcoming book called The Chiapas Uprising and the Future of Revolution in the Twenty-first edited by John Holloway in Mexico City."


Reports from Chiapas Navigation bar

In Motion Magazine is a multicultural, online U.S. publication about democracy. Shortcuts shall take you to the articles published in a column co-edited by Roberto Flores who currently lives in Los Angeles. Roberto (Beto) Flores (he previously used the pen name "Beto Del Sereno") returned in the fall of '97 from Chiapas where he did research on the "Feminine Factor Within the Zapatista Movement." Beto, a life-long activist for human rights, is now working with others on facilitating and developing the concept of "autonomy" as a method of rebuilding through structural development of oppressed communities.

The Army sets up another camp in San Pedro Nixtalucum-Zapatista territory
            A Pattern Emerging of a dirty war in Chiapas
            - Parallel PRI and PRD governments - (Human rights delegation visits Chiapas)
            by Beto Del Sereno, San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico

"Never again a Mexico without us."

            On the Importance of the Permanent National Indigenous Congress - A Report
            on an interview with EZLN Sub-Commander "Marcos"
            by Beto Del Sereno, San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico
Reports from Chiapas
Immigration and Human Rights on the U.S. / Mexico Border

            Interview with Roberto Martinez, San Diego, California

            Part 1 - Militarization of the Border
            Part 2 - In Search of Work
            Part 3 - The Needs of Agribusiness
            Part 4 - From Taking Lands to Building Triple Fences

"La Transición: Continuidad o Ruptura"

           (A reading of the agreements from the Concrete Jungle)
            by Javier Berdegue Elorriaga
An Analysis of Evolving Zapatismo,
           from the "Join us" of January 1, 1994 to the "Let's construct" of 1996
            by Javier Elorriaga, San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico
          Part 1 - New Forms of Making Politics
          Part 2 - New relationships in the community,
                        in the municipalities, in public policy
          Part 3 - Towards the Strengthening of Collective Rights

Autonomy: Empowerment for Profound Structural Change

            by Roberto Flores

Mexican Military enters Roberto Barrios in the North of Chiapas

            by J.F. Ri, San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico

Violence Prevention and the Latino Population

            An Analysis of Patterns and Trends and Prescriptions for Effective Intervention
            By Pedro Antonio Noguera, Ph.D. Berkeley, California

Autonomy: Empowerment for Profound Structural Change

            Lessons from the Zapatista autonomy process
            by Roberto Flores, Los Angeles, California

In Defense of Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action Myths

            by Paul Rockwell

Chiapas Solidarity Page

Accion Zapatista "is an organization that gathers and redistributes information about the EZLN (Zapatistas) and the struggles for liberty, justice and democracy in Mexico. We protest United States support of the Mexican government, and support local struggles that challenge neoliberal policies and institutions."

Web Server of the Supreme Court of Justice of Mexico

Suprema Corte de Justicia de Mexico. This server offers all the information about the Supreme Court of Justice of Mexico. (All the legal information is in spanish).

La guia más completa de Ligas sobre Chiapas
Chiapas Images
Santo Domingo
            (Image 365x286 pixels)
Chiapas Map)

            (Image 415x349 pixels
Chiapas Map

            (Image 700x471 pixels)
Comunidades Indígenas de los Altos de Chiapas
Chiapas: La Ultima Frontiera Chiapas: The Last Border ...
Chiapas Maps

San Cristóbal       Palenque

Tuxtla Gutiérrez       Lagos de Montebello

Parque "El Sumidero       Yaxchilán

The Pastors for Peace Fall Caravan

Mexico - In February 1995, Pastors for Peace began a program of support for the indigenous struggle for land liberty and democracy in the southern state of Chiapas. Caravans to Chiapas provide emergency relief aid for over 20,000 indigenous people who are enduring a protracted military presence in their communities. The caravans also increase the international presence in Chiapas, which helps to dissuade Mexican soldiers and privately funded paramilitary groups from committing human rights abuses against indigenous people in the region. NGO s working in support of indigenous people and the peace process in Chiapas, including the Fray Bartolome Center for Human Rights, CONPAZ, the Hospital San Carlos and the Indigenous Center for Comprehensive Training (CI de CI), are also supported by Pastors for Peace caravans.
   The need for international presence and humanitarian aid has never been greater in Chiapas. The increased activity of paramilitary groups and a heightened presence of Mexican soldiers within indigenous communities threatens the peace process between the Zapatistas and the Mexican government. Indigenous people throughout the zones of conflict are enduring a food shortage of near-famine proportion, which is already causing a sharp increase in health problems in the region.

Delegations to Chiapas and Cuba

(LASNET Archive 1994)
On January 1, 1994, the day NAFTA went into effect, the southern Mexican state of Chiapas erupted in armed rebellion. The Mexican government responded to the uprising with brute force. The military bombed civilian populations, tortured and executed prisoners and committed other serious human rights violations.
   Pressure from the international community is essential to ensure that the Mexican government negotiates with the Zapatistas in good faith and seriously addresses the need for greater democracy and social justice for Mexico's poor. In light of this urgent need, Global Exchange has launched a Campaign for Democracy and Social Change in Mexico.
   Global Exchange can be reached by sending e-mail to "" (or just replying on-line), or by calling toll-free, 1-800-GXS-1994, (415-255-7296 in San Francisco), or the old-fashioned way at 2017 Mission St., #303, San Francisco, CA 94110.

Zapatista Front of National Liberation

How does the EZLN Concieve of Women's Rights?
National Commission for Democracy in Mexico, USA
International Service for Peace in Chiapas (SIPAZ)
Human Rights Alerts
Los Zapatistas responden al ejoercito mexicano violador de mujeres
Latin American potluck
File Index

NPC's April 27th March on Philadelphia


Spunk Press

LASNET Archive
Chiapas-Zapatista News

Chiapas-L Archives
mirror (BURN)

Web Chiapas

Click Mexico2000 and SEND A MESSAGE with the following text in the Subject line: (MUST USE THE SUBJECT LINE) SUBSCRIBE MEXICO2000, List established to discuss the political transitions in Mexico - Assasination, Elections, political parties, corruption, prospects for democracy, narcopolitics. Social changes and economic consequences of government policies, NAFTA, Exchange rates, Mexican economy and industry, Peso Devaluation. A search for alternative solutions and proposals for the current mexican problems is encouraged. Both academic papers and personal accounts or statements are welcome.

Tiujana Cartel Tijuana Cartel