|"Europe and Disintegration of Yugoslavia"|
Vegetating association which kept on
permanently constituting itself
Ask Croatian mothers...
Belgrade weekly "Vreme" in its issue of June 19, 1995., used as a context to discuss this subject (author of the text Milan Milosevic) the research paper called "The Global contexts of the Yugoslav drama", prepared by Director of the Belgrade Institute for European Studies" Djuro Kovacevic, that was to be presented at the international conference this Institute organized in Belgrade between June 16 - 18, under the title "Europe and Disintegration of Yugoslavia".
Kovacevic states in his paper that both, Serbs and Croats systematically came to the conclusion that Yugoslavia was a big mistake and blunder, being only possible as a creation against their interests. On the international scene, the disintegration of Soviet might was fatal for the Yugoslav regime, even thoughit was in many elements different from the Soviet model, since it has lost an important international support point.
In her analysis, Zagorka Golubovic from the Philosophy College of the Belgrade university says that the Yugoslav national Communist parties were caught by the 1989-90 events in Eastern Europe preoccupied by the problem of power, inside their national circle as well as in conflict with the federal state. She thinks that they were unprepared for a radical transformation and have attempted to keep all main characteristics of the communist regime unchanged.
Miroslav Hadzic, a publicist from Belgrade, in his paper analyzed the situation in the former JNA. He thinks that the greater part of the JNA in one period was inclined towards a radical solution to the state crisis, but that the Army leadership itself did not have a new vision what to do with Yugoslavia and the power if it acquires it through a putsch, nor was it able to formulate a reachable and acceptable goal with which it would be able to explain such a move.
If the speculations of a secret visit to Moscow by then defense minister, general Kadijevic in 1991., as to get support for such a move, it only is a clear sign about a bade estimate and unacceptance of new realities in the international society.
Lidija Basta - Posavec from the "Institute for Federalism", Frieburg, Switzerland, states that the last Yugoslav federation actually "was not a constituted state construction, but a vegetating association which kept on permanently constituting itself". That is why it was able to remain intact only until the party leadership was centralized and homogenous enough to neutralize systemic blockade in "veto federalism of sovereign colectivities".
Fruitless and continuous squabbles about the change of the Federal election law and procedure was actually a tactic to disable holding of the federal elections. Those who tended to negate Yugoslavia have rightly concluded that it can legitimately disintegrate only if the federal structure is not given a chance for its own procedural legitimacy on the basis of first multi-party elections.
Miroslav Pecujlic from the Law college of Belgrade university and Radmila Nakarada of the "Institute of European Studies" state that forceful destruction of Yugoslavia could have been prevented if the outside powers used their wide possibilities of applying pressure on all actors, forcing them to find, a peaceful, compromise formula of state transformation; instead they supported "the irrational, forceful concept of self - determination (forceful secession), which inevitably lead to war".
(Source: Belgrade weekly "Vreme", June 19, 1995)