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Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Hamas and Hezbollah
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 Sheikh Yassin qualifies Clinton as an enemy
Sheikh Yassin qualifies
Clinton as an enemy.

MTV Lebanon News, Dec. 25, 1998

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The International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism in Herzliya, Sunday, 29.3.98, announces the opening of its new website at: The site consists of a database on issues of terrorism, including: terrorist organizations in the Middle East and the world, attacks, countries supporting terrorism, connections between terrorism and crime, the use of non-conventional weapons and counter-terrorism measures taken by Israel and other countries. The site is available to all interested parties.
For further details, contact the institute at 09-9527277.

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Major Terrorist Groups
USIA Electronic Journal

Abd: Slave
Abu: Father
Ahl: People (pl. Aal as in Aal Saud, 'House of Saud'. Should not be confused with the article al- in Arabic which is the equivalent of 'the' in English, etc.)
Alhamdulillah: All praise is due to Allah
Alim: Scholar (pl. Ulema)
Allahu Akbar: God is great
Anfal: Loosely, it means war booty; accurately, it means bounty provided by God for submiting to His will.
Ansar: Champions
Aziz: Mighty-One
Deen: Religion or system by which one lives; (Related words: Madinah, Dayan, etc.)
Da`wa: Call, propagation, proselytism, depending on the usage
Firdaws: Paradise (Word crept into Arabic from Persian predating the dawn of Islam)
Fatwa: Legal ruling (pl. fatawa)
Fitna: Discord; mischief in land.
Hadith: Sayings and practice of the prophet of Islam otherwise known as 'Sunnah'
Hijab: Veil
Hiwar: Dialogue
Istislam: Submission
Ijtihad: Legal reasoning done according to well established principles (five principles around which Islamic law or Sharia revolves; accepted by all schools of Islamic jurisprudence) and established norms (as defined by the practice and traditions of the different schools.)
Jihad: (Legal) Fighting to make the word of Allah supreme; (Lit.) To exert the utmost in ones cause;
Kafir: Disbeliever (Legal); The literal meaning disappeared with the advent of Islam. Many will not even recognize it if used in a literal context other than that defined by the religious law. Ibn Manzur has about 10 pages in his dictionary (Lisan al-Arab) explaining all the usages of this term. Relatred words: Kuffar, Kufr, Kafirun. In her Islam and Democracy: Fear of the Modern World, Mernissi points out for instance that, according to her own wording, 'the disturbing fact that,' in the language of the Arabs, the words for disbelief (Kufr) and intellect (Fikr) are anagrams. However, there is no linguistic proof to justify the derivation of one from the other. There are no connections between the two; this was her observation.
Kateeba: Battalion
Ma'sada: A lion's den (in the context of Ma'sadat al-Ansar)
Mujahid: One who performs Jihad (pl. Mujahideen)
Nabi: Prophet (pl. Anbiya, Nabiyyin)
Niqab: Type of Hijab that covers everything except the eyes, commonly known as Chador (which is the Persian word for tent)
Rahmah: Blessing
Rizq: Bounty
Shahid: Martyr (Leg.), Witness (Lit.)
Salaf: Predecessor (vs. Khalaf: Offspring); Salafism is a movement based on a "puritan" reading of the pious generation's understanding of Islam. The Salaf generations are well-defined in (Islamic) religious law.
Salam: Peace
Sahaba: Early generation of Muslims
Siddiq: Truthful
Ummah: World Muslim Community
Urdu: Word of Turkish origin which originally meant "Army". It was the language of the standing army is Mogul India; a mixture of Arabic, Persian, Turkish (Mogul) with a Hindi base.

(Islamic Resistance Movement)

Description HAMAS was formed in late 1987 as an outgrowth of the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood. Various elements of HAMAS have used political and violent means, including terrorism, to pursue the goal of establishing an Islamic Palestinian state in place of Israel. HAMAS is loosely structured, with some elements working openly through mosques and social service institutions to recruit members, raise money, organize activities, and distribute propaganda. Militant elements of HAMAS, operating clandestinely, have advocated and used violence to advance their goals. HAMAS's strength is concentrated in the Gaza Strip and a few areas of the West Bank. It also has engaged in peaceful political activity, such as running candidates in West Bank Chamber of Commerce elections.

Activities HAMAS activists, especially those in the Izz el-Din al-Qassam Forces, have conducted many attacks against Israeli civilian and military targets, suspected Palestinian collaborators, and Fatah rivals.

Strength Unknown number of hardcore members; tens of thousands of supporters and sympathizers.

Location/Area of OperationPrimarily the occupied territories, Israel, and Jordan.

External Aid Receives funding from Palestinian expatriates, Iran, and private benefactors in Saudi Arabia and other moderate Arab states. Some fundraising and propaganda activity take place in Western Europe and North America.

(Party of God)

-- also known as Islamic Jihad, Revolutionary Justice Organization, Organization of the Oppressed on Earth, and Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine.

Description Radical Shia group formed in Lebanon; dedicated to the creation of an Iranian-style Islamic republic in Lebanon and removal of all non-Islamic influences from the area. Strongly anti-West and anti-Israel. Closely allied with, and often directed by Iran, but may have conducted rogue operations that were not approved by Tehran.

Activities Known or suspected to have been involved in numerous anti-U.S. terrorist attacks, including the suicide truck bombing of the U.S. Embassy and U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut in October 1983 and the U.S. Embassy annex in Beirut in September 1984. Elements of the group were responsible for the kidnapping and detention of U.S. and other Western hostages in Lebanon. The group also attacked the Israeli Embassy in Argentina in 1992.

Strength Several thousand members. Location/Area of Operation Operates in the Al Biqa' (Bekaa Valley), the southern suburbs of Beirut, and southern Lebanon. Has established cells in Europe, Africa, South America, North America, and elsewhere.

External Aid Receives substantial amounts of financial, training, weapons, explosives, political, diplomatic, and organizational aid from Iran.
(Full text)
USIA Electronic Journal 2/97

Palestinian Authority arrests Hamas leader Rantisi

EL-QUR'AN Palestinian minister claims
Israel assassinated Hamas bombmaker

Associated Press Writer

Ramallah, West Bank (AP) - The chief Hamas bombmaker found dead at the scene of a car bombing was shot to death before the blast, Palestinian officials said today. A Palestinian Cabinet member called it an assassination and blamed Israel.
Apr. 1, 1998 (Full text)

Thousands shout revenge
at Hamas chief's funeral

Associated Press Writer

Ramallah, West Bank (AP) -- Chanting ``Revenge! Revenge!'' and shaking their fists, thousands of Palestinians marched in a funeral procession today for a top Hamas bombmaker whose death they blame on Israel.
The circumstances of Mohiyedine Sharif's death remained in dispute today. Sharif's body was found Sunday at the scene of a car bombing; Israel says he was killed when a Hamas bomb exploded prematurely but Palestinian police say he had been shot in the chest and already was dead when the bomb exploded.
Sharif, 32, was an electrical engineer by training and had been wanted by Israel since August 1995 when he provided the explosives for a bus bombing in Jerusalem. Israel says he also masterminded bombings in July and September 1997 in the city.
Apr. 2, 1998 (Full text)

Hizballah Home Page
Information sources on Hamas and Islamic Jihad
Search several news and information archives related to
Terrorism and Counterterrorism

Israeli Resources
HAMAS - Islamic Resistance Movement - Background
(Jan 1993)
The Covenant of HAMAS
(Aug 1988)
The Covenant of HAMAS
- Main Points
The Islamic Jihad Movement
- January 1995
The Threat of Islamic Fundamentalism
(Apr 1993)
Hizbullah - Background
(update April 1996)
Hizbullah - Selected Quotes
(update Feb 1997)
Iran and Hizbullah
(update Feb 1997)
Anti-Semitism: Basic Tenet of Hizballah - "Justice"
August 1995
The Terrorist Connection - Iran, Islamic Jihad, Hamas
(May 1995)
Fatal Terror Attacks since the Declaration of Principles
(Sep 1993)
IDF Operation in Lebanon April 1996
("Grapes of Wrath")
White House Order against Transactions w/ Terrorists
- Jan 24, 1995
FM Peres Applauds US Anti-Terrorism Measures
- Jan 25, 1995
Request for Detention Abu Marzook
(Unofficial Trans)- Jul 31, 1995
State Attorney Requests Arrest Warrant for Abu Marzook
- Jul 31, 1995
HAMAS Cell Uncovered
- Aug 23, 1995
GSS and Police Uncover HAMAS Cell
- Aug 27, 1995
Request to Arrest Palestinian Suspects
- Sept 9, 1995
HAMAS Terrorist Cell Uncovered
- March 6, 1996
Details Released on HAMAS Suicide Bombing Supporters
- May 9, 1996
Details on Lawrence Hotel Bombings Released
- May 15, 1996
Israeli Response to Buenos Aires Court on Bombing
- Aug 14, 1996
Ministers' Committee for National Security Communique
-Mar 23, 1997
Selected Articles on Terrorism

Terrorism related web sites
Detainee 872686/X - Carlos
Center for Low Intensity Conflict Starting Points
Counterintelligence and CounterTerrorism Home Page
Counterterrorism Intel links
Erica Benis Terrorism Home Page
International Security Network (IntSecNet / DEFSEC)
Islamic Militant Movements
Israeli Foreign Ministry gopher
Jerusalem 1 gopher
Office of International Criminal Justice
Patterns of Global Terrorism - 1996
State Department terrorist profiles
Terrorism & Counter terrorism
Terrorism Research Center
Terrorist Groups Profiles
The Counter-Terrorism Page
The Electronic Whip
The Shadow World
The Terrorist Profile Weekly Home Page.
WIRE - Political Risk

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FUNDAMENTALISM: Lebanon's Hezbollah Seen from Inside.
Lebanon's Hezbollah is a highly complex organization torn by infighting between factions. How to understand the inner workings of an Islamist fundamentalist organization that has become a key player in the Middle East and a trump card in the hands of Syria and Iran. Who are its leaders, what are its structures and how can its true impact be measured?

An investigation led by col. Michel Rahbani from Lebanon's Direction du Renseignement Militaire (Military Intelligence Service) following the accidental explosion of a car carrying a bomb in the easte (...)
Summary: Sought by the police since violent clashes between his supporters and a Lebanese army unit on Jan. 30, sheikh Sobhi Tufaili is unlikely ever to be arrested. Although the Lebanese army is still surroun (...)
Summary: The Lebanese Shi'ite movement Amal, which was drastically overhauled last June with the help of Syrian and Lebanese officers, claimed responsibility for a bomb attack on Jan. 14 at a crossing point be (...)
Summary: Visiting Beirut on Dec. 16, the U.S. assistant secretary of state for the Middle East, Martin Indyk, surprised his Lebanese hosts by asking on the spot to meet with the army commander-in-chief, gen. (...)
Summary: Abdullah Ocalan's Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) decided at a meeting of its operational chiefs in Lebanon's Bekaa valley on Dec. 2 to launch an offensive against several big Turkish cities in conjuncti (...)
Summary: The secretary-general of Hezbollah's Lebanese wing, sheikh Hassan Nasrallah, has just carried out his longest visit to Iran since he took over as boss of the fundamentalist movement. His aim was to wi (...)
Summary: After negotiations that dragged on for years, the United States partially lifted the ban on Americans using Beirut airport in mid-August. The airport isn't considered safe because it lies in the area (...)
Summary: According to a report drawn up by Lebanese intelligence, the former secretary-general of Hezbollah, sheikh Sobhi Tufaili, has moved to beef up his dissident Ansar Allah (God's Partizans) movement in Lebanon by creating a security service.
Summary: Stripped of all power within Lebanon's Hezbollah movement since 1992, the organization's former secretary-general, sheikh Sobhi Tufaili, has launched a violent campaign in recent weeks both against the Lebanese government and the current boss of Hezbollah, his old arch-rival sheikh Hassan Nasrallah.
Summary: Sheikh Maher Hammoud, imam of the Al Quods mosque at Saida in southern Lebanon and one of the founding fathers of the pro-Iranian Lebanese Sunni movement, has officially announced his resignation from the Association of Moslem Ulemas.
Summary: The secretary-general of the Hezbollah movement in Lebanon, sheikh Hassan Nasrallah, has just informed the party leadership that the annual convention which is usually held in early March won't be staged this year.
Summary: Hassan Nasrallah, secretary-general of the Lebanese branch of Hezbollah, attended gatherings of the Supreme National Security Council, Iran's leading political and military body, in Tehran in early December.
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Summary: High-level sources in Lebanon have told Intelligence Newsletter that German chancellor Helmut Kohl's intelligence advisor, Bernd Schmidbauer, arrived in Beirut by private aircraft at the head of a large BND delegation on May 24.
Summary: The Iranian secret services triggered a major scandal last week in Beirut, prompting Lebanese president Elias Hraoui to state that "the Iranians have really got to close down their shops (dataqin) in Beirut.
Summary: Fearing a sudden withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Christian military region of Jezzine in southern Lebanon many officers and intelligence chiefs of the South Lebanese Army (SLA) have been working to obtain visas to immigrate to a wide range of countries.
Summary: The power-sharing arrangement that Damas and Tehran imposed in 1992 on the two Shiite movements in Lebanon, Amal and Hezbollah, has been crumbling in the wake of daily clashes between supporters of the two organizations in Beirut, the Bekaa valley and in southern Lebanon.
Summary: An internal report by Lebanon's Sureté Générale (Al Amn al-Aam) drafted in July gives a detailed account of how an attempt by the CIA to kidnap sheikh Hassan Ezzeddine, the then head of Hezbollah's Foreign Operations Section, was foiled on Oct.
Summary: Intelligence Newsletter has learned from well-informed Shi'ite sources in Beirut that Hezbollah has just disbanded its Foreign Operations Section headed by sheikh Hassan Ezzeddine and "controlled" by the second secretary at Iran's embassy in the Lebanese capital, Mohamed Reza Sahray.
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Summary: The Hezbollah movement in Lebanon is reported to have received a lot of military hardware in recent months from Iran, including anti-tank and anti-aircraft missiles. The gear has been hidden in underg (...)
Summary: Security talks between the U.S. and Lebanon in early February that were aimed at lifting the American ban on U.S. nationals travelling to Lebanon broke down because of strong American demands and the (...)
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Summary: Wisely taking refuge in Iran after the kidnapping of sheik Mustapha al Dirani in May, 1994 by the Israelis, Abdel Hadi Hamade has just reappared officially in Lebanon. In his capacity as Hezbollah sec (...)
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Summary: According to Intelligence Newsletter sources, the debriefing of the Believers Resistance chief Mustapha al-Dirani who was kidnapped by Israeli commandos in a helicopter swoop on Lebanon in May was completed in mid-November.
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Summary: Hezbollah secretary general sheikh Hassan Nasrallah has been strongly challenged during the past few months (I.N. n. 243). Nonetheless, he has counter-attacked with a campaign for re-election at the (...)

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