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Japanese-Americans Internment


The Division of Naval Intelligences
placed no credence in "rumors"

On 27 January 1941, Dr. Ricardo Shreiber, the Peruvian envoy in Tokyo told Max Bishop, third secretary of the US embassy that he had just learned from his intelligence sources that there was a war plan involving a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. This information was sent to the State Department and Naval Intelligence and to Admiral Kimmel at Hawaii.
On February 1, 1941, the Division of Naval Intelligences placed no credence in "rumors that in the event of trouble breaking out between the United States and Japan, the Japanese intend to make a surprise attack against Pearl Harbor with all of their strenght and employing all of their equipment"...
MUST SEE: Confidential document
MUST SEE: Confidential document Op16-F2 (SC) A16-3/EF37,
Serial No. 09716, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations
to Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet, February 1. 1941

So, was Pearl Harbor - "mother of all conspiracies", because "...everything that the Japanese were planning to do was known to the United States..." as Mark Willey wrote in his book ?

A Day of Infamy

   The 7 December 1941 Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor was one of the great defining moments in history. A single carefully-planned and well-executed stroke removed the United States Navy's battleship force as a possible threat to the Japanese Empire's southward expansion. America, unprepared and now considerably weakened, was abruptly brought into the Second World War as a full combatant.
   Eighteen months earlier, President Franklin D. Roosevelt had transferred the United States Fleet to Pearl Harbor as a presumed deterrent to Japanese agression. Completely unanticipated was the prospect that Japan would attack east. The U.S. Fleet's Pearl Harbor base was reachable by an aircraft carrier force, and the Japanese Navy secretly sent one across the Pacific with greater aerial striking power than had ever been seen on the World's oceans. Its planes hit just before 8AM on 7 December. Within a short time five of eight battleships at Pearl Harbor were sunk or sinking, with the rest damaged. Several other ships and most Hawaii-based combat planes were also knocked out and over 2400 Americans were dead. Soon after, Japanese planes eliminated much of the American air force in the Philippines, and a Japanese Army was ashore in Malaya.
Department of the Navy - - Naval Historical Center
Pearl Harbor Raid, 7 December 1941 --
Overview and Special Image Selection

Today in History
The Attack on Pearl Harbor

Don E. Z'Boray's NewbieNET --  A date in infamy: December 7, 1941
Memorandum of a Conversation
The Secretary of State with Nomura and Kurusu, Dec. 7, 1941.
From Japan, 1931-1941, Vol. II, pp. 786-87.

Memorandum Handed by the Japanese Ambassador (Nomura) to the Secretary of State
at 2:20 pm on December 7, 1941 [The "Fourteen Part" Message].

Minute-by-Minute Account of the Attack
Radio Days-A Soundbite History

How radio handled the first hours of the bombing
(live audio streams of the first radio bulletins)

Pearl Harbor Attack Audio Page
Pearl Harbor Survivors Speak
Pearl Harbor Hero - Survivor Story
Pearl Harbor Attack Hearings
Brief Report of Attack

Memo from Kimmel to Stark, dated 12/12/41

Pearl Harbor in 1940-1941
Japanese Forces in the Pearl Harbor Attack
Map Route of Japanese Attackers
Overall Views of the Pearl Harbor Attack
Ships Present in Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941

Department of the Navy - - Naval Historical Center

Battleship Row
Marines at Pearl Harbor
The Ships that attacked Pearl Harbor and their fate
Two letters from Admiral Kimmel detailing damage
Full Pearl Harbor Casualty List
Comprehensive Casualty List ~ Civilian and Military deaths of the Pearl Harbor attack
Underwater Survey, U.S.S. Arizona

U.S.N.P.S. Submerged Cultural Resources Unit
U.S.S. Arizona (BB-39) Casualty List
Pearl Harbor Dec. 7, 1941 Casualty List

Map of Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor Attack Photos
More images of Pearl Harbor Attack

Department of the Navy - - Naval Historical Center

A rare aerial photo by unknown IJN pilot
A Photo Taken During the Bombings
Post-Attack Ship Salvage

President Roosevelt's Address to Congress

Asking for a Declaration of a State of War
between the United States and Japan,
Dec. 8, 1941

President Roosevelt's Address to Congress
Requesting recognition of a State of War
existing between the United States and Germany
and the United States and Italy,
Dec. 11, 1941

Prime Minister Winston Churchill's Broadcast
on War with Japan

December 8, 1941

Remembering Pearl Harbor
History Place - Pearl Harbor
Essential Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor Remembered

Don Schaff's site
Pearl Harbor
Thinkquest-Junior Team
Pearl Harbor
(National Geographic Magazine)
USS Arizona Remembered
USS Arizona Memorial
USS Arizona - A Brief History
Illustrated plans of the USS Arizona
USS Arizona BB39
USS Arizona Special Collection
USS Arizona Memorial Museum Association
USS California Military Museum
History of the USS West Virginia

Pearl Harbor Memorial Address '91

(50th Anniversary)
USS Arizona Memorial Web Cam
Pearl Harbor Tour of Historical Sites
Pearl Harbor Child - Introduction

Teacher's Guide Materials
The Myths of Pearl Harbor
Movie: Pearl Harbor - Official Site
Gordon Freitas' song "Peaceful Arizona"

"An award winning tribute to those we will not forget...
composed by a retired U.S. Navy CPO from Hawai'i"

USS Utah Association
Korean War era USS Curtiss Reunion Association
USS Maryland Reunion Association
St. Louis Reunion Association
USS Pennsylvania Reunion Association
USS California Association
USS West Virginia Reunion Association

Pearl Harbor Revisionism by Leigh Kimmel
Pages dedicated to the vindication of Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, unjustly relieved of his command and forced into retirement after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Pearl Harbor Attacked by Buckeye Web
Pearl Harbor Attacked - Expert information on the attack of Pearl Harbor by Pearl Harbor Historians and Veterans. Messageboard available to post your questions.
WW2 Navy Air Battles Pacific
Pearl Harbor & Battles of Bombing 8 quadron at Coral Sea and Midway WW2 Pacific & Pics Warplanes and Ships
Total War
Designed to cover all aspects of World War II, from the battle of Pearl Harbor through Okinawa, with the histories of the Atlantic War as well. This site will also contain ship histories of many ships as well as biographies on the major figures of the war.
World War II Resources
This site holds over 15,000 pages of primary source documents on WWII; speeches, declartions of war and peace, military and diplomatic communiques, etc. A large portion of the site is dedicated to the Pearl Harbor Attack Hearing (some 7,000 pages so far.)
Aircraft Accidents in Florida From Pearl Harbor to the ... by bwidner1
Interviews with survivors. Pictures of most WW II planes.
USS St. Louis (CL-49)
History of the Light Cruiser USS St. Louis (CL-49) during WWII. She earned 11 battle stars, was the largest ship to get out of Pearl Harbor Dec 7, 1941, she suffered hits by bombs, torpedoes and kamikazes and never struck her colors.
War Stories: The Life and Experiences of Arnold Spring
This site is a narrative of my grandfather's experiences as a pilot of an OS2U during WWII. Stories include: Pearl Harbor Invasion, Being a Jewish Solider, etc.
Battleship Row
Primarily designed to present photographs of the USN vessels at Pearl Harbor, 12-7-41. Also includes ship info, histories, and a section about the Japanese.
I B Nease, USNR retired - USS Arizona Memorial Page
USS Arizona Memorial Page. Original poetry by I B Nease, USNR Retired. Lots of great photos and links. USS Arizona Memorial Message Board and Chatroom!
Wartime Posters site
Pearl Harbor Message Board
Pearl Harbor Links
Pearl Harbor Links

Mining Company
USS Arizona Links
Mining Company