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Mario Profaca

Acording to CIA official sources The CIA World Factbook is produced annually by the Central Intelligence Agency for the use of US Government officials, and the style, format, coverage, and content are designed to meet their specific requirements. Information was provided by: the Bureau of the Census, Central Intelligence Agency, Defense Intelligence Agency, Defense Nuclear Agency, Department of State, Maritime Administration, National Science Foundation (Polar Information Program), Naval Maritime Intelligence Center, Office of Territorial and International Affairs, US Board on Geographic Names, US Coast Guard, and others.

And I wander how come that nobody working with theese famous intelligence agencies didn't find out so far that the language we speak in Croatia is Croatian Language (as it's written in the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia too) instead of "Serbo-Croatian" language as written Here even six years since Croatia gained its sovereignity and independence. Hope that CIA shall send to Croatia some special agents to find it out or to get a copy of the Croatian Constitution.

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    Location: Balkan State, Southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Map references: Africa, Ethnic Groups in Eastern Europe, Europe, Standard Time Zones of the World

    total area 56,538 sq km
    land area 56,410 sq km
    comparative area slightly smaller than West Virginia

    Land boundaries: total 2,028 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia and Montenegro 266 km (241 km with Serbia; 25 km with Montenego), Slovenia 501 km

    Coastline: 5,790 km (mainland 1,778 km, islands 4,012 km)

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf 200-m depth or to depth of exploitation
    exclusive economic zone 12 nm
    exclusive fishing zone 12 nm
    territorial sea 12 nm

    International disputes: Serbs have occupied UN protected areas in eastern Croatia and along the western Bosnia and Herzegovinian border; dispute with Slovenia over fishing rights in Adriatic

    Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

    Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coast, coastline, and islands

    Natural resources: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt

    Land use:
    arable land 32%
    permanent crops 20%
    meadows and pastures 18%
    forest and woodland 15%
    other 15%

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    current issues air pollution from metallurgical plants is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; widespread casualties and destruction of infrastructure in border areas affected by civil strife
    natural hazards subject to frequent and destructive earthquakes
    international agreements party to - Air Pollution, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change

    Note: controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits


    Population: 4,697,614 (July 1994 est.)

    Population growth rate: 0.07% (1994 est.)

    Birth rate: 11.27 births/1,000 population (1994 est.)

    Death rate: 10.54 deaths/1,000 population (1994 est.)

    Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1994 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 8.7 deaths/1,000 live births (1994 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population 73.6 years
    male 70.14 years
    female 77.26 years (1994 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 1.65 children born/woman (1994 est.)

    noun Croat(s)
    adjective Croatian

    Ethnic divisions: Croat 78%, Serb 12%, Muslim 0.9%, Hungarian 0.5%, Slovenian 0.5%, others 8.1%

    Religions: Catholic 76.5%, Orthodox 11.1%, Slavic Muslim 1.2%, Protestant 0.4%, others and unknown 10.8%

    Languages: Serbo-Croatian 96%, other 4%

    total population NA%
    male NA%
    female NA%

    Labor force: 1,509,489
    by occupation industry and mining 37%, agriculture 16% (1981 est.), government NA%, other


    conventional long form Republic of Croatia
    conventional short form Croatia
    local long form Republika Hrvatska
    local short form Hrvatska

    Digraph: HR

    Type: parliamentary democracy

    Capital: Zagreb

    Administrative divisions: 21 counties (zupanijas, zupanija - singular): Bjelovar-Bilogora, City of Zagreb, Dubrovnik-Neretva, Istra, Karlovac, Koprivnica-Krizevci, Krapina-Zagorje, Lika-Senj, Medimurje, Osijek-Baranja, Pozega-Slavonija, Primorje-Gorski Kotar, Sibenik, Sisak-Moslavina, Slavonski Brod-Posavina, Split-Dalmatia, Varazdin, Virovitica-Podravina, Vukovar-Srijem, Zadar-Knin, Zagreb

    Independence: NA June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)

    National holiday: Statehood Day, 30 May (1990)

    Constitution: adopted on 2 December 1990

    Legal system: based on civil law system

    Suffrage: 16 years of age, if employed; 18 years of age, universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state President Franjo TUDJMAN (since 30 May 1990); election last held 4 August 1992 (next to be held NA 1995); Franjo TUDJMAN reelected with about 56% of the vote; his opponent Dobroslav PARAGA got 5% of the vote
    head of government Prime Minister Nikica VALENTIC (since 3 April 1993); Deputy Prime Ministers Mato GRANIC (since 8 September 1992), Ivica KOSTOVIC (since NA), Vladimir SEKS (since September 1992), Borislav SKEGRO (since NA)
    cabinet Council of Ministers; appointed by the president

    Legislative branch: bicameral parliament Assembly (Sabor)
    House of Districts (Zupanije Dom) elections last held 7 and 21 February 1993 (next to be held NA February 1997); seats - (68 total; 63 elected, 5 presidentially appointed) HDZ 37, HSLS 16, HSS 5, Istrian Democratic Assembly 3, SPH-SDP 1, HNS 1
    House of Representatives (Predstavnicke Dom) elections last held 2 August 1992 (next to be held NA August 1996); seats - (138 total) HDZ 85, HSLS 14, SPH-SDP 11, HNS 6, Dalmatian Action/Istrian Democratic Assembly/ Rijeka Democratic Alliance coalition 6, HSP 5, HSS 3, SNS 3, independents 5

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Constitutional Court

    Political parties and leaders: Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), Stjepan MESIC, chairman of the executive council; Croatian People's Party (HNS), Savka DABCEVIC-KUCAR, president; Serbian People's Party (SNS), Milan DUKIC; Croatian Party of Rights (HSP), leader NA; Croatian Social Liberal Party (HSLS), Drazen BUDISA, president; Croatian Peasant Party (HSS), leader NA; Dalmatian Action/Istrian Democratic Assembly/Rijecka Democratic Alliance coalition; Social Democratic Party of Croatia-Party of Democratic Changes (SPH-SDP), Ivica RACAN

    Other political or pressure groups: NA


    Diplomatic representation in US:
    chief of mission Ambassador Petr A. SARCEVIC
    chancery (temporary) 236 Massachusetts Avenue NE, Washington, DC 20002
    telephone (202) 543-5580

    US diplomatic representation:
    chief of mission Ambassador Peter W. GALBRAITH
    embassy Andrije Hebranga 2, Zagreb
    mailing address US Embassy, Zagreb, Unit 1345, APO AE 09213-1345
    telephone [385] (41) 444-800
    FAX [385] (41) 45 85 85

    Flag: red, white, and blue horizontal bands with Croatian coat of arms (red and white checkered)


    Overview: Before the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the republic of Croatia, after Slovenia, was the most prosperous and industrialized area, with a per capita output roughly comparable to that of Portugal and perhaps one-third above the Yugoslav average. At present, Croatian Serb Nationalists control approximately one-third of the Croatian territory, and one of the overriding determinants of Croatia's long-term political and economic prospects will be the resolution of this territorial dispute. Croatia faces monumental economic problems stemming from: the legacy of longtime Communist mismanagement of the economy; large foreign debt; damage during the fighting to bridges, factories, power lines, buildings, and houses; the large refugee population, both Croatian and Bosnian; and the disruption of economic ties to Serbia and the other former Yugoslav republics, as well as within its own territory. At the minimum, extensive Western aid and investment, especially in the tourist and oil industries, would seem necessary to salvage a desperate economic situation. However, peace and political stability must come first; only then will recent government moves toward a "market-friendly" economy reverse the sharp drop in output. As of May 1994, fighting continues among Croats, Serbs, and Muslims, and national boundaries and final political arrangements are still in doubt.

    National product: GDP - purchasing power equivalent - $21.8 billion (1992 est.)

    National product real growth rate: -19% (1992 est.)

    National product per capita: $4,500 (1992 est.)

    Inflation rate (consumer prices): 26% monthly average (1993 est.)

    Unemployment rate: 21% (December 1993)

    revenues $NA
    expenditures $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

    Exports: $3.9 billion (f.o.b., 1993)
    commodities machinery and transport equipment 30%, other manufacturers 37%, chemicals 11%, food and live animals 9%, raw materials 6.5%, fuels and lubricants 5% (1990)
    partners EC countries, Slovenia

    Imports: $4.7 billion (c.i.f., 1993)
    commodities machinery and transport equipment 21%, fuels and lubricants 19%, food and live animals 16%, chemicals 14%, manufactured goods 13%, miscellaneous manufactured articles 9%, raw materials 6.5%, beverages and tobacco 1% (1990)
    partners EC countries, Slovenia, FSU countries

    External debt: $2.6 billion (December 1993)

    Industrial production: growth rate -5.9% (1993 est.)

    capacity 3,570,000 kW
    production 11.5 billion kWh
    consumption per capita 2,400 kWh (1992)

    Industries: chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum reduction, paper, wood products (including furniture), building materials (including cement), textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food processing and beverages

    Agriculture: Croatia normally produces a food surplus; most agricultural land in private hands and concentrated in Croat-majority districts in Slavonia and Istria; much of Slavonia's land has been put out of production by fighting; wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflowers, alfalfa, and clover are main crops in Slavonia; central Croatian highlands are less fertile but support cereal production, orchards, vineyards, livestock breeding, and dairy farming; coastal areas and offshore islands grow olives, citrus fruits, and vegetables

    Economic aid: $NA

    Currency: 1 Croatian dinar (CD) = 100 paras; a new currency, the kuna, replaced the dinar on 30 May 1994

    Exchange rates: Croatian dinar per US $1 - 6,544 (January 1994), 3,637 (15 July 1993), 60.00 (April 1992)

    Fiscal year: calendar year


    Railroads: 2,592 km of standard guage (1.435 m) of which 864 km are electrified (1992); note - disrupted by territorial dispute

    total 32,071 km
    paved 23,305 km
    unpaved gravel 8,439 km; earth 327 km (1990)

    Inland waterways: 785 km perennially navigable

    Pipelines: crude oil 670 km; petroleum products 20 km; natural gas 310 km (1992); note - now disrupted because of territorial dispute

    Ports: coastal - Omisalj (oil), Ploce, Rijeka, Split; inland - Osijek, Slavonski Samac, Vukovar, Zupanja

    Merchant marine: 28 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 108,194 GRT/131,880 DWT, cargo 18, container 1, oil tanker 1, passenger 2, refrigerated cargo 1, roll-on/roll-off cargo 2, short-sea passenger 3
    note also controlled by Croatian shipowners are 151 ships (1,000 GRT or over) under flags of convenience - primarily Malta and St. Vincent - totaling 2,221,931 GRT/3,488,263 DWT; includes cargo 60, roll-on/ roll-off 8, refrigerated cargo 4, container 12, multifunction large load carriers 3, bulk 45, oil tanker 9, liquified gas 1, chemical tanker 4, service vessel 5

    total 75
    usable 70
    with permanent-surface runways 16
    with runways over 3,659 m 0
    with runways 2,440-3,659 m 7
    with runways 1,220-2,439 m 5

    Telecommunications: 350,000 telephones; broadcast stations - 14 AM, 8 FM, 12 (2 repeaters) TV; 1,100,000 radios; 1,027,000 TVs; satellite ground stations - none

    Defense Forces

    Branches: Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Air and Air Defense Forces

    Manpower availability: males age 15-49 1,182,767; fit for military service 946,010; reach military age (19) annually 33,166 (1994 est.)

    Defense expenditures: 337 billion-393 billion Croatian dinars, NA% of GDP (1993 est.); note - conversion of defense expenditures into US dollars using the current exchange rate could produce misleading results

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