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The Washington Post CIA Missed Signs Of India's Tests,
U.S. Officials Say

By R. Jeffrey Smith
- Wednesday, May 13, 1998; Page A01 -- A U.S. spy satellite clearly depicted activity last week at India's remote desert nuclear test site, but U.S. intelligence officials scrutinizing the images failed to discern that India was preparing to conduct the three nuclear blasts it set off on Monday, several sources said yesterday.
Even when "clear-cut" evidence of the nuclear test preparations was recorded by a satellite at midnight in Washington on Sunday, six hours before the tests, no CIA warning was issued because the U.S. analysts responsible for tracking the Indian nuclear program had not expected the tests and were not on alert, several officials said.
They were, according to one senior official, asleep at their homes and did not see the pictures until they arrived at work in the morning. As a result, President Clinton and other White House officials did not learn of the preparations until after the blasts had occurred, when news services carried accounts of a public acknowledgment by India's Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
When the White House subsequently asked the CIA for details, the agency's top officials had none to offer, several sources said. ( Full text at The Washington Post)

India's Nuclear Adventure, CIA's Stumble,
Education by Arun Kumar

- If the US spy satellite that monitors Pokharan is in a polar orbit, it cannot observe Pokharan all the time, and it is possible that the Indians worked around its observation times. Abha and I have long planned a school for little children based on some principles such as these. (Full text)

New Indian N-tests as US bungle
- By JAMES WOODFORD, Foreign Affairs and Defence Correspondent and agencies India conducted two more underground nuclear tests yesterday as the United States was still trying to ascertain why its spy satellites analysts had failed to detect the warning signs before the first test on Monday. The revelation came as theUS said it would impose economic sanctions on India and as Japan announced it.
(Sydney Morning Herald - Daily News)

Tim Weiner and James Risen,
"Policy Makers, Diplomats, Intelligence Officers
All Missed India's Intentions,"

- On May 14, when frustrated senators interrogated senior intelligence officials behind closed doors about the U.S. failure to foresee the tests, it was already apparent that the failure was a team effort by the most senior policy makers, diplomats and intelligence officials. His investigation is finding evidence that the American policy makers' misplaced trust, the intelligence analysts'.
New York Times, May 25, 1998

Remember Hiroshima
Special Page on Nuclear Testing
in South Asia

The Times of India,

"India and Pakistan: An Asian Nuclear Peace?"
by Armando F. Mastrapa, Department of Government and Politics,
St. John's University, Jamaica, New York

Yahoo's Coverage of the Indian Nuclear Tests

Henry Sokolski , "A Blast of Reality,"
New York Times, May 13, 1998

William J. Broad, "Monitors Picked Up
Only 1 of 5 India Blasts,"

New York Times, May 15, 1998

Indian Nuclear Test - Articles/Polls/Media Coverage

Indian   Nuclear  Testing -  The News and the Views

Hagerty, Devin T. "Nuclear Deterrence in South Asia:
the 1990 Indo-Pakistani Crisis,"

International Security, (v20 n3), Winter 1995

U.S. Department of State:
Testimony: R. Raphel on U.S. Policy Towards South Asia
Bureau for South Asian Affairs

U.S. Department of State 95/03/07

The Clinton Administration's Policy toward South Asia,
Hearing before the Subcommitte on Asia and the Pacific
of the Committe on International Relations, house of Representatives,

One hundred Fifth Congress, First Session, Oct. 22, 1997

Compilation of Documents
Concerning South Asian
Nuclear Issues

United States Information Service


   Mario's India page
Mario's INDIA page

CMC Paper: Indian Nuclear Test
  The different places where the May 18, 1974 Indian nuclear test may have occurred.
Investigating the Allegations of Indian Nuclear Test Preparations in the Rajasthan Desert. Commercial satellite imagery was used along with news reports and published scientific articles to investigate the December 1995 allegations of Indian nuclear test preparations in the Rajasthan Desert.

This location estimate could have systematic errors of around 15 km and random errors up to 10 km." As a result, the seismic location estimate alone proved inadequate for filtering the conflicting media reports on the location of the May 18, 1974 test (see solid circle in figure).
Paper Sections:




Special
The Bomb and After
Shortcuts to the definitive site
for news and views from India
  • US asks Congress for power to waive economic sanctions
  • War in MEA cripples India's battle for world support
  • Arafat backs Pak nuclear tests
  • Sharief renews invitation to US secretary general
  • Pak PM's envoy to visit Lanka for damage-control
  • Clinton visit linked to India signing CTBT
  • US sanctions hit progress on LCA and light chopper projects
  • Pakistan team on Saudi mission in pursuit of economic bailout
  • Annan rules out threat of nuclear war in south Asia
  • Public pressure will push Sharief to CTBT table, say experts
  • Britain to tighten export of nuclear goods to subcontinent
  • South Block expects little from Jaswant-Talbott dialogue
  • PM rules out unconditional signing of CTBT
  • Domestic politics, not US-China ties, forced India to go nuclear, says Albright
  • PM justifies keeping Opposition in the darkover tests
  • Annan strikes hopeful note on Indo-Pak talks
  • US ceases all military exchanges with India
  • Russia says it will not internationalise Kashmir issue
  • Sharief's envoy says Pak is keen on resuming dialogue with India
  • US takes note of India's willingness to sign CTBT
  • Pak physicist picks holes in fugitive scientist's claims
  • Vajpayee rules out converting LoC into border
  • Experts conclude Pak renegade scientist is a fraud
  • Talbott will push CTBT at meeting with Jaswant Singh
  • Sharief's envoy meets Talbott to discuss sanctions
  • This government talks big, but its knees are made of jelly: Arundhati Ghose
  • Vajpayee steps up diplomatic offensive
  • Pakistan to keep option open on test ban treaty
  • Jiang calls on India, Pak to sign NPT
    Defence ministry denies reports of Chinese skipping border meet
  • India and US should clear the air through talks, says Abid Hussain
  • CIA plans ways to avoid being caught off-guard again
  • Letter bomb: Yeltsin offers arms for CTBT
  • Experts pick holes in runaway Pak scientist's claims
  • Japan does not recognise India, Pak as N-weapon states
  • The Unbearable Unimportance of Being India
  • Fugitive Pak scientist lays bare plans to nuke Indian sites
  • Another $ 300 m WB loan
  • Alleged scientist says he'll spill the beans on Pak N-programme
  • Pakistan to delink its N-policy from India's
  • 'Third party solutions are undesirable in principle and impossible in practice'
  • The Forbidden Fruit
  • Secretary-level talks may resume after PMs' Colombo meet
  • Resolve Kashmir or risk war, Pak tells UN
  • US senators return empty-handed from subcontinent
  • Pak foreign secretary meets Talbott, urges US to play a leading role
  • Sharief goes to Gulf again...
  • Pakistan started preparing for N-tests six days after Pokhran II
  • No question of converting LOC into border, says India
  • India explain N-r


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    North Korea threatens to resume nuclear program
    Copyright 1998 Nando.net, Copyright 1998 The Associated Press

    SEOUL, South Korea (August 13, 1998) -- North Korea warned Thursday it may be forced to resume its nuclear program unless the United States lifts economic sanctions against it. It was the latest in a series of threats by the communist nation to reactivate a nuclear program suspected of developing atomic weapons that was frozen under an agreement with the United States in 1994.