Indian Nuclear Tests
CIA Missed Signs Of India's Tests,|
U.S. Officials Say
By R. Jeffrey Smith
- Wednesday, May 13, 1998; Page A01 -- A U.S. spy satellite clearly depicted activity last week at India's remote desert nuclear test site, but U.S. intelligence officials scrutinizing the images failed to discern that India was preparing to conduct the three nuclear blasts it set off on Monday, several sources said yesterday.
Even when "clear-cut" evidence of the nuclear test preparations was recorded by a satellite at midnight in Washington on Sunday, six hours before the tests, no CIA warning was issued because the U.S. analysts responsible for tracking the Indian nuclear program had not expected the tests and were not on alert, several officials said.
They were, according to one senior official, asleep at their homes and did not see the pictures until they arrived at work in the morning. As a result, President Clinton and other White House officials did not learn of the preparations until after the blasts had occurred, when news services carried accounts of a public acknowledgment by India's Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
When the White House subsequently asked the CIA for details, the agency's top officials had none to offer, several sources said. ( Full text at The Washington Post)
India's Nuclear Adventure, CIA's Stumble,
Education by Arun Kumar
- If the US spy satellite that monitors Pokharan is in a polar orbit, it cannot observe Pokharan all the time, and it is possible that the Indians worked around its observation times. Abha and I have long planned a school for little children based on some principles such as these. (Full text)
New Indian N-tests as US bungle
- By JAMES WOODFORD, Foreign Affairs and Defence Correspondent and agencies India conducted two more underground nuclear tests yesterday as the United States was still trying to ascertain why its spy satellites analysts had failed to detect the warning signs before the first test on Monday. The revelation came as theUS said it would impose economic sanctions on India and as Japan announced it.
(Sydney Morning Herald - Daily News)
Tim Weiner and James Risen,
"Policy Makers, Diplomats, Intelligence Officers
All Missed India's Intentions,"
- On May 14, when frustrated senators interrogated senior intelligence officials behind closed doors about the U.S. failure to foresee the tests, it was already apparent that the failure was a team effort by the most senior policy makers, diplomats and intelligence officials. His investigation is finding evidence that the American policy makers' misplaced trust, the intelligence analysts'.
New York Times, May 25, 1998
Special Page on Nuclear Testing
in South Asia
The Times of India,
"India and Pakistan: An Asian Nuclear Peace?"
by Armando F. Mastrapa, Department of Government and Politics,
St. John's University, Jamaica, New York
Yahoo's Coverage of the Indian Nuclear Tests
Henry Sokolski , "A Blast of Reality,"
New York Times, May 13, 1998
William J. Broad, "Monitors Picked Up
Only 1 of 5 India Blasts,"
New York Times, May 15, 1998
Indian Nuclear Test - Articles/Polls/Media Coverage
Indian Nuclear Testing - The News and the Views
Hagerty, Devin T. "Nuclear Deterrence in South Asia:
the 1990 Indo-Pakistani Crisis,"
International Security, (v20 n3), Winter 1995
U.S. Department of State:
Testimony: R. Raphel on U.S. Policy Towards South Asia
Bureau for South Asian Affairs
U.S. Department of State 95/03/07
The Clinton Administration's Policy toward South Asia,
Hearing before the Subcommitte on Asia and the Pacific
of the Committe on International Relations, house of Representatives,
One hundred Fifth Congress, First Session, Oct. 22, 1997
Compilation of Documents
Concerning South Asian
United States Information Service
Mario's INDIA page
CMC Paper: Indian Nuclear Test|
Investigating the Allegations of Indian Nuclear Test Preparations in the Rajasthan Desert. Commercial satellite imagery was used along with news reports and published scientific articles to investigate the December 1995 allegations of Indian nuclear test preparations in the Rajasthan Desert.
This location estimate could have systematic errors of around 15 km and random errors up to 10 km." As a result, the seismic location estimate alone proved inadequate for filtering the conflicting media reports on the location of the May 18, 1974 test (see solid circle in figure).
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