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2500 years after Sun Tzu
How to become a spy (and why not)
Double agents
"The enemy's spies who have come to spy on us must be sought out, tempted with bribes, led way and comfortably housed. Thus they will become double agents and available for our service. It is through the information brought by the double agent that we are able to acquire and employ local and inward spies."
"It is owing to his information, again, that we can cause the doomed spy to carry false tidings to the enemy."
Sun Tzu (500 BC): The Use Of SpiesSUN TZU: Use Of The Spies
Sun Tzu (500 BC):
The Use Of Spies

The Use Of

How to become a spy (and why not)
"Why Not?" Well, if you are asking that, you are ready to fill any of those two applications.
But if you want to avoid it, then you should learn something about intelligence recruitment approaches ...
Application to join
the C I A

What it means
being a spy

Application to join
The Mafia
Foreign Intelligence
Recruitment Approaches

Security Awareness and Reporting of Foreign Contacts
Presidential Decision Directive PDD/NSC-12 05 August 1993
The Law applies to everyone else
"What, then, are the higher priorities likely to be for intelligence collection-but not necessarily for (U.S.) national security policy-in the foreseeable future? We would list the status of nuclear weapons and materials throughout the former Soviet Union; political and military developments in Iraq, Iran, and North Korea; potential terrorism against U.S. targets in the continental United States and overseas; unconventional weapons proliferation; and political-military developments in China. A second category of important but somewhat lower priority intelligence targets would include political developments in Russia and relations between Russia and the former Soviet republics; Mexican stability; the stability of Egypt and Saudi Arabia; Indo-Pakistani relations; developments affecting Middle East peace negotiations; and the activities of international criminal organizations."
"Political and military developments in Bosnia and the Balkans would necessarily be a high priority if the U.S. military were involved significantly.
We would not include on this list such subjects as environmental protection, population growth, or general political and economic developments where open sources are normally sufficient."
"The correct response to such cases is not to expect the intelligence community to be prepared for everything, everywhere. This would waste resources, leave high-priority targets with inadequate coverage, and still not be enough given the unlimited potential for the unexpected. Instead, the president and the DCI (directors of central intelligence) should consider creating a formal intelligence reserve corps for dealing with so-called "pop-up" issues. Such a corps could consist of former intelligence professionals, academics, and others with particular geographic and functional expertise. Working with a point of contact in the intelligence community, they would be asked to collect data, provide reports, and be available to work full time if a crisis suddenly developed in their area and if their expertise were required."

"Clandestine operations for whatever purpose currently are circumscribed by a number of legal and policy constraints. These deserve review to avoid diminishing the potential contribution of this instrument. At a minimum, the Task Force recommended that a fresh look be taken at limits on the use of nonofficial "covers" for hiding and protecting those involved in clandestine activities. In addition, rules that can prohibit preemptive attacks on terrorists or support for individuals hoping to bring about a regime change in a hostile country need to be assessed periodically." ( Making Intelligence Smarter The Future of U.S. Intelligence)
"The collection of intelligence can be accomplished in a variety of ways, the most important being the interception of communications and other signals (SIGINT), satellite photography or imagery (IMINT), and reports from human sources (HUMINT). There is also measurement and signature intelligence, or MASINT, which enhances understanding of physical attributes of intelligence targets. Intelligence analysis reflects conclusions or judgments reached by individuals with access to information from many sources, of which secret information made available by intelligence community collection systems is only part."
"A second task for the clandestine services is covert action, that is, the carrying out of operations to influence events in another country in which it is deemed important to hide the hand of the U.S. government. Historically, covert action has included such activities as channeling funds to selected individuals, movements or political parties, media placements, broadcasting, and paramilitary support. Such operations can be designed to bolster the capabilities of friendly governments in dealing with challenges to them and their societies. Covert measures can also have the opposite purpose, to weaken a hostile government." ( Making Intelligence Smarter, The Future of U.S. Intelligence)
Reports from the Associated Press revealed that CIA Director John Deutch made the agency's intentions clear in a letter to Louis D. Boccardi, president and chief executive officer of The Associated Press, and W. Thomas Johnson, president of Cable News Network.

Deutch wrote. `We do not use American journalists as agents or American news organizations for cover, nor do I have any intention of doing so.
`As you know, past DCI's (directors of central intelligence ) have reserved the right to make exceptions to this policy. The circumstances under which I--or, I believe, any DCI -- would make an exception to this policy would have to be genuinely extraordinary.' (The Indianapolis News, Apr. 23, 1996)
In other words, if the CIA wants to use the media as cover for its secret agents or recruit journalists to be spies, it will.
What about foreign (non-U.S.) journalists?
"Working with a point of contact in the intelligence community, they would be asked to collect data, provide reports, and be available to work full time if a crisis suddenly developed in their area and if their expertise were required." (Making Intelligence Smarter)
"We are honest men;
we are not spies"

(Holly Bible, Genesis 42:31)
  • What it means being a spy
  • Sun Tzu (500 BC): The Use Of Spies
  • The handy way to finger a spy
  • Nine tools that can snoop
          on your employees

  • CIA: The Use Of Journalists
  • How to become spy (and why not)
  • Foreign Intel Recruitment Approaches
  • Croatian Counter-Intelligence Agency
          (POA) Report about spies & journalists
  • CIA recruitment practices
  • Is CIA Using Journalistic Cover
          In Afghanistan?
  • Cheney: Bad Guys Catch Bad Guys
  • FBI finding intelligence analyst jobs
          hard to fill
  • "Humanitarian spies"
  • Police Recruit Gays, Lesbians
          For More "Diverse" Force
  • U.S. steps up commercial spying
  • Dirty deeds in industry spy wars
  • Applications to join CIA rocket
  • Application to join the CIA
  • Application to join The Mafia

  • NSA Lacks Slots,
          Pay To Hire Top Tech Talent
  • Echelon: World under watch
  • Students flock to
          sign up with school for spies
  • CIA hits the recruiting trail to find spies
  • CIA Scours Grad Schools for Spies
  • CIA is tops for patriotic students
  • Job Seekers Swamp U.S. Spy Shops
  • CIA flooded with offers from
          patriotic job-seekers
  • Recruiting begins for
          secret spy satellite project
  • CIA recruits game whiz for capital firm
  • People Who Spied for U.S.
          Accuse the CIA of Reneging on Deals
  • Defectors Say CIA Reneges On Promises
  • CIA sheds some secrecy
          to boost recruits, funds
  • Report: Wen Ho Lee's wife
          worked for CIA
  • Wife of accused spy assisted FBI
  • The spy who came in from Silicon Valley
  • CIA's in market for good snoops
  • California's Central Valley
          a good breeding ground for spy recruits
  • Spy agency includes
          Central Valley recruits
  • Hmong recruited by the CIA
          for covert military action in Laos
          rewarded 25 years on
  • Secret Service calls for recruits
  • CIA tries to recruit native speakers
          by email
  • CIA eyes ethnic spies who can blend in
  • CIA needs recruits to
          spy on India's nuke program
  • Help wanted: Dari speaking
          super-spy to catch master terrorist

  • Israelis seek hire intelligence
  • Mossad head: We need spies,
          not just electronics
  • Israel spy agency
          launches recruiting campaign
  • Israel Publicly Recruits Spies
  • Mossad offers a career in spying
  • Who wants to be a Mossad agent?
  • Mossad wants spies like you
  • Having trouble recruiting,
          Mossad turns to want ads
  • Mossad want ads attract
          top talent for low pay
  • Mossad advertises for spies

  • Russian diplomat gets 11 years
          for spying for Britain
  • Understrength MI6 may turn to
          adverts for new recruits
  • MI5 seeks 'older, wiser women'
  • Britain's MI5 Security Service
          Asks for Help on Arab Web Sites
  • Britain's spy chiefs recruit
          more black agents
  • MI5 turns to newsgroups to find
          Bin Laden supporters
  • MI5 posts terror appeal on Arab websites
  • MI5 to recruit among minorities
  • MI5 launches drive
          to recruit ethnic minorities
  • MI5 to recruit Muslim spies
          to break Islamist networks
  • MI5 advertises for recruits on internet
  • The Spy who Employed Me
  • MI5 in search for dissidents
          at city universities
  • Spy Agencies Are on a Mission
          to Hire From College Ranks
  • The Cambridge spy ring
  • Could MI5 be looking for you?
  • MI5 wants teachers as 'spy catchers'
  • Teachers: Fancy a job at MI5?
  • Teachers spy a new career opportunity
  • Australia: Psssst, want to be a ASIS spy?

  • Swedish secret service seeks informers

  • Canada: CSIS spies on posties
  • A spy in the office, CSIS warns

  • RCMP, spy agency kiss and make up

  • Journalists 'asked to spy for Pretoria'

  • On 22 May 1996, the House of Representatives voted an amendment to the CIA budget banning the foreign intelligence agency from using journalists as spies. But another text adopted by Congress provides for waivers to this rule if the president gives exceptional authorisation and the congressional intelligence committees are informed. CIA director John Deutch said in February that the agency could have recruited American journalists on "very, very rare occasions", despite a 1977 instruction forbidding the practice. The Washington Post had revealed that the CIA had in the past used American journalists and media as a cover for its activities. The 1977 instruction does not apply to foreign journalists, some of whom are still recruited by the CIA, according to the Post. The new amendments do not prevent CIA agents passing themselves off as journalists. ( Reporters Sans Frontieres: The Americas - United-States)
      Both Beilenson and Specter became irritated when asked about specific types ofcovert operations. Specter, questioned about bribery of foreign officials,responded: "That's a ridiculous question.... We don't engage in bribery--that'sagainst the law." On the other hand, he said, "Paying for information is notbribery."
    Ex-CIA officer MacMichael laments: "This splitting of hairs... How would it beregarded in the United States if an official of the United States, for payment,offered information to a foreign government? Would that be legal in the U.S.?[Specter's] statement is the most extraordinary distinction I've ever heard."
    When asked specifically about the dangers of practices like paying foreignjournalists to write knowingly false stories that often work their way back intoAmerican living rooms, Specter replied: "I have not seen that come before theIntelligence Committee." When asked again how committee members could possibly beunaware of such well-documented practices, Specter - answered haltingly: "I havenot voted for any funds which involve bribery."
    If Committee members are so ill-informed, it's partly because the CIA won'tprovide correct answers unless the questions are posed in precisely the rightway. Former CIA officials say they take advantage of unartful questioning inorder to withhold information.
    "We'd go down and lie to them consistently," says ex-CIA officer Ralph McGehee."  In my 25 years, I have never seen the agency tell the truth to a congressional committee."

    The Law applies to everyone else
    CIA: Out of control, Russ W. Baker, Village Voice, In the Post-Soviet Era,
    Congress Slumbers and the Intelligence Community Creates New Bogeymen to Vanquish