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      (Spy) " targets--such as international terrorism, crime, and drug trafficking--present their own problems. For instance, counterterrorism operations seek to prevent terrorist acts. Yet taking preemptive action usually entails revealing that the U.S. government was in a position to know of a terrorist organization's plans, which in turn jeopardizes intelligence sources and methods. Intelligence professionals must work closely with law enforcement officials to ensure that these sources and methods are not compromised in the process of providing foreign intelligence to the law enforcement community. The same holds true for counternarcotics operations. "
      " Environmental monitoring is another new target. Vice President Al Gore led an effort to make available hundreds of thousands of reconnaissance satellite images. Some 800,000 declassified images processed by the National Reconnaissance Office between 1960 and 1972, released in February 1995, are available on the Internet. Similarly, both France and Russia are offering satellite imagery for sale to commercial and other customers, a practice likely to spread. Environmental targets are becoming part of the tasking of imagery satellites. But intelligence personnel who interpret such images may find that expertise in identifying the signatures of Soviet military forces does not necessarily translate into a facility for addressing environmental issues. "
      Some new targets seem to fit a traditional mold yet actually differ drastically. For example, the intelligence community traditionally supported U.S. intervention operations by providing early warning of volatile situations. But this role is greatly complicated to the extent that the issues driving U.S. foreign policy are unclear. As Les Aspin, the late chairman of the Commission on Roles and Capabilities of the U.S. intelligence community, noted, "Using the military to protect our values overseas... drives the intelligence community crazy because there is no way to anticipate where values issues might crop up next."
      " Another example is the use of satellite photos to detect a new kind of suspicious military activity, namely, war crimes, as in Bosnia. Such use creates great pressure to reveal photo data, which the U.S. has traditionally been extremely reluctant to do. Indeed, after revealing evidence of mass graves dug by Bosnian Serb forces, the U.S. was not willing to provide all of its intelligence on the subject to the international tribunal judging war crimes in the former Yugoslavia. "

Overhead photo of possible Serb war crimes site,
displayed to the U.N. Security Council

While adaptation to these circumstances has been reasonably successful, it has not been without problems. Most means of collection--in particular, satellite imaging--were designed to cover the Soviet Union. Within the constraints of physics, satellites have been adapted through new technologies to cover targets for which they were not originally designed. According to John Pike of the Federation of American Scientists, the new 8X satellite can take high resolution photos of 1,000 square miles at a time, compared to 100 square miles for the KH-12 satellite it is replacing; if so, the wider coverage should reduce this problem. However, certain targets remain outside their range and must be accessed by alternative collection means, sometimes with the assistance of foreign partners who are unproven allies. "
U.S.A. Strategic Assessment 1996
Chapter Six: Intelligence

C I A World Factbook
Ethnic Cleansing and Atrocities in Bosnia
  DDI John Gannon Testimony to Joint SSCI SFRC
  Open Hearing - 9 August 1995

Ethnic Cleansing and Atrocities in Bosnia
 Handout Given at Testimony - 9 August 1995
Mario's note: If you don't know, a syntagm "ethnic cleansing" is nothing else
but a well known diplomatic euphemism for the genocide.

Ethnic cleansing
Croatian Mothers Appeal
Besnjevo Vosnik
Mosque destroyed by explosives, 1993
Gorazde, June 1993
Zvornik, August 1993
Trebinje, March 1994
Gunjevici, April 1994

Mass Graves

Branjevo Farm, Donje Pilica, 5-17 Jul 95
Branjevo Farm, Donje Pilica, 17 Jul 95
Tatar, 27 Jul 95
Tatar, 27 Jul 95
Kasaba, 27 Jul 95
Kasaba, 27 Jul 95
Kasaba/Konjevic Polje, Jul 95

Air Strikes, September 1995

U.S. Department of Defense
DOD Briefing 05 Sep 95
DOD Briefing 07 Sep 95
DOD Briefing 14 Sep 95
DOD Briefing 18 Sep 95

USAF Aviano AB
Vogosca Ammunition Plant
Pre-strike and Post-strike Images - 1 Sep 95
Vogosca Ammunition Plant
Post-strike UAV Images - 13 Sep 95
Lisina Military Radar Related Station
Pre-strike UAV Image - 10 Sep 95
Lisina Military Radar Related Station
Post-strike UAV Image - 11 Sep 95
Prnjavor Military Radar Related Station
Post-strike UAV Image - 10 Sep 95
Sokolac Military Radar Related Station
Post-strike UAV Image - 10 Sep 95

War in Croatia, Serbian aggression and Croatian casualtiesWar Crimes in Croatia and in Bosnia and Herzegovina
International Crime Tribunal - Den HaagIFORYU-Spiritsm & Reincarnation